In Islamic medicine, Hijama is considered a Sunnah or prophetic tradition, which means that it was practiced and recommended by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).
According to some schools of thought, it is believed there are specific days in the Islamic calendar that are recommended for performing Hijama, known as Sunnah days. In this article, we will explore the importance of Sunnah days for Hijama, which days are considered the best for Hijama, the benefits of Hijama on Sunnah days, tips for preparing and performing Hijama, precautions to take, and recommendations for incorporating Sunnah days for Hijama into your lifestyle.
What are Sunnah Days?
Sunnah days are specific days of the month that are regarded as blessed and recommended for performing certain deeds or acts of worship in Islam. These days hold significant spiritual power and blessings and are known to offer numerous benefits to the human body and soul. These occur on the 17th, 19th or 21st of the Lunar calendar
Although the majority of the ahadith that confirm these days are weak, there is one hadith authenticated by Sheikh Al-Albani in regards to these days.
Narrated Abu Hurayrah:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: If anyone has himself cupped on the 17th, 19th and 21st it will be a remedy for every diseaseSunan Abi Dawud 3861
Other hadith you may come across are the following:
Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with them both) narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The best times to be treated with cupping are the seventeenth, nineteenth or twenty-first [of the month].” (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, 2054; the isnad is da’eef)
Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever wants to be treated by cupping, let him do it on the seventeenth, nineteenth or twenty-first, lest the blood flow too copiously and kill him.” (Reported by Ibn Maajah, 3489; there is some weakness in the report)
Although the ahadith quoted above are from different sources and may be weak to some extent, they give strength to one another.
However, what is also apparent nowadays, there is some scientific research that supports performing Hijama in the latter stages of the month:
Imaam Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
“These ahadith coincide with what the doctors agree on, that cupping should be done in the second half of the month, and that the third quarter of the month is better than the beginning or the end. But if cupping is done out of necessity it is beneficial at any time, even at the beginning or end of the month. Al-Khallaal said: ‘Ismah ibn ‘Isaam told me: Hanbal told me: Abu ‘Abd-Allah Ahmad ibn Hanbal would be treated with cupping whenever his blood increased, no matter what time it was… They disliked having cupping done on a full stomach, because that could lead to obstruction and grievous diseases, especially if the food was heavy and bad… Choosing the times mentioned above for cupping is an extra precaution, to be on the safe side and to protect one’s health, but when it comes to treating disease, whenever it is necessary it should be used.”
Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
“According to the doctors, the most efficacious cupping is that which is done at the second or third hour, after having intercourse or taking a bath, etc., and neither on a full nor empty stomach. With regard to specific days for administering cupping, it was reported in a hadeeth narrated from Ibn ‘Umar by Ibn Maajah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ‘Administer cupping, may Allah bless you, on Thursdays, and administer cupping on Mondays and Tuesdays, but avoid cupping on Wednesdays, Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays.’ It was reported with two da’eef isnads, and there is a third version, also da’eef, reported by al-Daaraqutni in al-Afraad. He also reported it with a jayyid isnaad from Ibn ‘Umar but it is mawqoof (the isnad stops at the Sahaabi). Al-Khallaal reported that Ahmad disliked cupping on the days mentioned, even though the hadeeth was not proven. It was said that a man was treated with cupping on a Wednesday and he developed leprosy because he ignored the hadeeth. Abu Dawood reported from Abu Bakr that he disliked cupping on Tuesdays, and said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ‘Tuesday is the day of blood, and on that day there is an hour when blood does not stop.’ The doctors are agreed that cupping in the second half of the month, especially in the third quarter, is more beneficial than cupping at the beginning or end of the month. Al-Muwaffaq al-Baghdaadi said: The body fluids (humours) flow heavily at the beginning of the month and calm down at the end, so the best time to let the blood flow is in the middle of the month.”
It is clear from the above that the ahadith which specify a particular time, when taken as a whole, indicate that there is a basis for this, especially since the words of the doctors are in agreement with it. If the seventeenth or nineteenth or twenty-first of a hijri month happens to be a Thursday, this is the best possible time for cupping, but this is not to say that it is not good to do it at other times. As a form of medical treatment, cupping should not be restricted to any particular time; it should be done as needed by the patient.
Fath al-Baari by Ibn Hajar, 10/149.
Sharh al-Zarqaani ‘ala al-Muwatta’, 2/187.
Al-Mughni by Ibn Qudaamah, 1/184.
Zad al-Ma’aad by Ibn al-Qayyim, 4/60.
You can also see a list of authentic narrations about Hijama Cupping here
Step-by-Step Guide to Performing SUNNAH DAYS FOR HIJAMA CUPPING
1. Sterilise the equipment, including cups, blades, and needles, to avoid infections.
2. Shave the area (if necessary) where you want to perform Hijama to ensure the cups’ suction.
3. Place the cups on the skin, and using a vacuum pump, create a suction effect for a few minutes.
4. Remove the cups, and make small incisions on the skin using a sterile blade.
5. Reapply the cups, and allow them to sit for about 5-10 minutes.
6. Remove the cups and clean the area using antiseptic.
Based on the evidences above, we are very flexible on the opinion of Cupping in the ‘Sunnah Days’ at Herts Cupping. If you want to cup during these days we are happy to cater for you.